What constitutes a near miss?

Below is the definition of a near miss by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE);

  1. A near miss is any incident, accident or emergency which did not result in an injury.  The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR) have a specific definition of a “dangerous occurrence”.  These are reportable in the same way as reportable accidents are.  Details of the events that are reportable to the enforcing authorities can be found on the "RIDDOR – ‘What is reportable?’ page on the HSE RIDDOR website
  2. Recording non-reportable near misses is not a statutory requirement but doing so and using the information provided is good safety management practice as reviewing the report (at the time and/or periodically) may help to prevent a re-occurrence.  Recording these near misses can also help identify any weaknesses in operational procedures as deviations from normal good practice may only happen infrequently but could have potentially high consequences.  A review of near misses over time may reveal patterns from which lessons can be learned.
  3. Where a review of near miss information reveals that changes to ways of operating, risk assessments or safety management arrangements are needed, these changes should be put into effect.

Near Miss Report Form

Persons involved
Person 1
Witness details
Witness 1